Verb Tenses: Passive Voice

Simple Tenses

Simple Present

General facts or habitual repetitive actions
=
am, is, are + past participle

Examples

  • Lunch is served at noon.
  • The locks are checked every night.

Simple Past

Completed past actions
=
was, were + past participle

Example

  • She was rewarded for her information.

Simple Future

Future promises, predictions, or actions
=
will be + past participle

Example

  • I will be there on Saturday.

Simple Progressive

Present Progressive

Future actions (paired with go, leave, move, etc.) or actions that are currently in progress
=
am, is, are + being + past participle

Examples

  • The votes are being counted by impartial volunteers.
  • Joe is being crowned king of the dance.

Past Progressive

Actions that were in progress at a specific time past
=
was, were + being + past participle

Example

  • They thought they were being careful.

Perfect Tenses

Present Perfect

Actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past or that begin in the past but are still currently occurring
=
has, have + been + past participle

Examples

  • The boat has been delayed because of the hurricane in the Atlantic.
  • Tests have been proctored by teachers for many years.

Past Perfect

Actions that began or occurred before something else in the past
=
had + been + past participle

Example

  • She had been searching for clues for hours before bedtime.

NOTE: Future progressive, future perfect, & perfect progressive are not used in passive voice.