At the end of this chapter you should be able to:
- Add -s for the third person singular verb
- Write yes/no questions and short answers
- Write information questions using wh- question words
- Add the plural marker -s ,-es, and -ies to verbs and nouns
Recognize and use
- the simple present in the affirmative and negative
- adverbs of frequency
Directions: Ask your partner or group the following questions about your morning routines. A “routine” is a habit you usually do or a series of actions you do regularly.
- What do you do before school?
- Do you ever wake up late? Do you usually wake up early?
- Do you drink coffee or tea in the morning?
- Do you do your homework in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, or at night?
- How long does it take for you to get ready in the morning?
- How long does it take you to get to campus? Do you live close or far from campus?
- How do you get to campus? Drive? Bike? Bus? Walk? Carpool? Dropped-off?
Directions: Read this story out loud with a partner. One person reads a paragraph, then the other person reads the next paragraph. When you are finished, read the story again. This time, read the paragraphs, you did not read.
Yuri & Palani
Hi! My name is Yuri. I am from Ukraine. I am a student at Clackamas Community College. I have a roommate. His name is Palani. He is from Laos. We live together, but we are very different.
I wake up early at 6:00 am. Palani pushes the snooze button on his alarm clock many times, so he wakes up very late. He gets up at 7:30 am. I take a shower in the morning, but Palani takes a shower at night. I take a shower at 6:15 am. He takes a shower at 9:00 pm. I eat breakfast at home, but Palani doesn’t eat breakfast. I make coffee, and I eat cereal for breakfast. I bike to school, but Palani drives to school. I am never late. I leave at 7:30 am. Palani leaves at 7:50 am. I arrive at school early, but Palani arrives late. I arrive at school at 7:45 am. Palani arrives at 8:05 am. Palani sometimes arrives late because he can’t find parking. We are friends, so I always save him a seat next to me. We sit with Jacques and Ana. They arrive early too. Class begins at 8:00 am.
How often do you arrive late to class? Are you similar to me, or are you more similar to Palani?
Directions: Please write the answers to the questions in complete sentences.
1. What is the name of the man who is talking?
2. What is the name of his roommate?
3. What is Yuri comparing?
4. Who wakes up early? Who wakes up late?
5. What time does class begin?
6. Who arrives late? Who arrives on time?
7. How about you? Are you an early riser or a late riser?
8. What time does Yuri wake up? What time does Palani wake up?
Part 1 Directions: Look at the story about Yuri and Palani. Choose (by underlining or otherwise marking) the verbs you find. Don’t choose the BE verb. We are not studying that verb in this chapter.
Part 2 Directions: Complete the table with the verb forms that agree with each subject.
|1. wake up||I|
Directions: Write the correct simple present tense form of the verb (in parentheses) on the line.
1. I (wake up)_________________________ at 6:00 am.
2. He (wake up)_________________________ at 7:30 am.
3. You (eat)_________________________ breakfast on the bus.
4. They (take)_________________________ a shower before bed.
5. He (take)_________________________ a shower in the morning.
6. We (go) _________________________ to a restaurant for lunch.
7. She (have)_________________________ cereal for breakfast.
8. His class at Oregon City (begin)_________________________ at 9:00 am.
9. My classes at Harmony (begin)_________________________ at 6:00 pm.
10. She (wash) _________________________ the dishes in the morning.
Uses of the Simple Present
The simple present is used for talking about routines, habits, and repeated activities in the present time. We use the simple present to talk about facts, which are always true. Time expressions (e.g., every day, in the summer) and adverbs of frequency (e.g., never, sometimes, always) signal the simple present tense.
What is a routine? Something you do every morning, every week, every year.
- I brush my teeth two times a day.
- You go to the gym three times a week.
- He makes breakfast for my children every morning.
- She starts work at 7:00 am.
- They do laundry every Saturday.
What is a habit? Something you do regularly.
- My husband reads in bed before he goes to sleep.
- My cat wakes me up on Saturdays because he is hungry.
What is a repeated action? Action that we do more than once.
- I shop at Winco (not every week, but I like to go there).
- She wears shorts in the summer.
What is a fact? Something that is always true.
- The moon revolves around the earth.
- She has two children.
- Vegetables are healthy.
- Water boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit.
Forms of the Simple Present
You must add an -s to the verb with the subjects he, she, and it.
subject + verb
Directions: Write the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.
1. Yuri (wake up)______________ at 6:00 am.
2. Palani (drive)______________ to school.
4. Yuri (make)______________ coffee.
5. I (cook)______________ breakfast.
6. She (eat)______________ cereal.
7. Palani (take)______________ a shower in the evening.
8. They (carpool)______________ together.
9. She (ask)______________ for a pencil.
10. Yuri and Palani (attend) ______________ Clackamas Community College.
11. We (attend) ______________ Clackamas Community College.
12. I (take)______________ a shower in the morning.
13. He (make)______________ and (drink)______________ coffee every morning.
14. She never (arrive)______________ late.
15. Class (begin)______________ at 11:30 am.
16. He usually (find)______________ parking easily.
17. Palani (live)______________ with Yuri.
18. They (brush) ______________ their hair in the morning.
19. We (brush)______________ our teeth twice a day.
20. My cats (sleep)______________ all day.
Directions: Read the paragraph. Then, listen to your instructor read the paragraph. Listen for the verbs and write them on the line. Listen closely for the correct form of the verb.
Ana and Pedro’s Morning Routine
Ana and Pedro (1)__________ at 6:00 am. Ana (2)__________ coffee. Her brother, Pedro, (3)__________breakfast. She (4)__________a shower at 6:30 am. Her brother (5)__________ a shower at 7:00 am. They (6)__________ and (7)__________ their teeth. Ana (8)__________ the cat. Ana (9)__________ her hair and (10)__________ makeup. Pedro (11)__________ his hair. Ana’s book bag (12)__________ready. Pedro (13)__________ his books in his backpack. Ana (14)__________lunches. Class (15)__________ at 9:00 am. Ana and Pedro (16)__________ the house at 8:30 am. They (17)__________ at school at 8:45 am. Ana (18)__________ out books from the college library before class. She always (19)__________ good books to read. Ana and Pedro (20)__________ to class at 8:55 am. Their first class (21)__________ at 10:50 am.
Part 1 Directions: Interview your partner.
1. Where do you live?
2. What time do you wake up?
3. When do you eat breakfast?
4. What do you eat for breakfast?
5. How do you get to school (walk, bus, car, etc.)?
6. What time do you go to school?
7. What time do you get home?
8. When do you go to bed?
Part 2 Directions: Write 8 sentences about your own daily routine using the same questions.
Part 3 Directions: Share and compare your daily activities. Read your sentences to your partner. Your partner reads to you. See if you have the same (or different) daily activities.
Part 4 Directions: Your instructor will give you a Venn Diagram to complete. Write sentences about yourself where it says You. Write sentences about your partner where it says Partner. If you and your partner have any activities that are the same, write them where it says both.
Adverbs of Frequency with the Simple Present
Adverbs of frequency (AoF) let us talk about how often we do something.
How often do you come to class? I always come to class!
How often do you shop at Fred’s? I often shop at Fred’s.
Study the chart below to learn the meanings of the following adverbs.
Adverbs of Frequency (AoF) with the BE Verb
With the BE verb, the AoFs are added between BE and the rest of the sentence. You will see in the next section that this is different with other verbs.
subject + BE + AoF + rest of sentence
|Subject||BE||AoF||Rest of Sentence|
Directions: Put the correct form of the BE verb followed by the AoF on the line.
1. I (be/always) _____________________________________ late.
2. He (be/never) _____________________________________ on time.
3. She (be/often) _____________________________________ busy on Saturday.
4. It (be/never) _____________________________________ cold in August.
5. You (be/usually) _____________________________________ cold in the morning.
6. We (be/never) _____________________________________ hungry in the morning.
7. They (be/seldom) _____________________________________ tired at 9:00 pm.
8. You (be/rarely) _____________________________________ late for school.
9. He (be/sometimes) _____________________________________ tired after work.
10. It (be/usually) _____________________________________ sunny in Los Angeles.
1. Class (usually)___________________________ interesting.
2. They (often)___________________________ busy.
3. I (always)___________________________ friendly.
4. You (never)___________________________ hungry after lunch.
5. She (always)___________________________ hungry at 3:00 pm.
6. He (rarely)___________________________ on time for class.
7. They (sometimes)___________________________ confused in class.
8. You (often)___________________________ sleepy.
Adverbs of Frequency with Other Verbs
When we look at the sentences in Activity 3.9, we see that we are saying how often something happens. An adjective follows the adverb of frequency (AoF). AoFs give more information about a person or a situation. For example, they show how often we are hungry, tired, late, busy, or on time.
But, what if we want to say how often we do some activity? In that case, we don’t use the BE verb. We use another verb, like eat, sleep, cook, drive, or talk.
Instead of adding the AoF after the verb, like we did with the BE verb, we add it before the verb. We do this because we are saying how often the activity of the verb happens.
subject + AoF + verb + rest of sentence
|Subject||AoF||Verb||Rest of Sentence|
|usually||does||his own laundry.|
We use the AoF to talk about how often or how frequently something happens.
How often do you eat breakfast? I always eat breakfast.
In the sentence above, we are saying how often we eat breakfast (always).
How often does he cook dinner? He usually cooks dinner.
In the sentence above, we are saying how often he cooks dinner. (usually).
How often do they walk to school? They never walk to school.
In the sentence above, we are saying how often they walk to school (never).
Directions: Write the Adverb of frequency (AoF) and the verb in the correct form on the line.
When we use any verb except the BE verb, the AoF goes before the verb.
1. I (never/eat) ___________________ breakfast.
2. You (often/do) ___________________ laundry on Saturdays.
3. He (usually/swim) ___________________ on weekends.
4. She (never/sing) ___________________ karaoke.
5. It (rarely/rain) ___________________ in July.
6. They (seldom/watch) ___________________ movies.
7. We (always/do) ___________________ our homework.
8. She (sometimes/make)___________________ the bed.
Directions: Put the AoF and the verb in the correct order.
Ana and Pedro (wake up) _______________________________ at 6:00 am.
Our class (start) _________________________________________ at 6:00 pm.
The college (cancel) ________________________ classes because of snow.
The teacher (give) ____________________________________ us homework.
Vegetarians (eat) ________________________________________ vegetables.
The students (sleep) ____________________________________ during class.
Ana (make) _________________________________________ lunch for Pedro.
Students (speak) ____________________________________ English in class.
|How often do you…||always||usually||often||sometimes||seldom / rarely||never|
|wake up before 7:00 am?|
|fall asleep before 11:00 pm?|
|drive to work?|
on the weekend?
|eat dinner before
|sleep in on Sundays?|
|go grocery shopping
on the weekdays?
|come to class on time?|
|do your homework
Part 2 Directions: Choose 5 of the questions (and answers) from Part 1. On your own lined paper, use the answers to write sentences about your classmate’s activities. Remember to use adverbs of frequency. Turn this in to your teacher. Write your name, the date, and Activity 3.12 on the top of your paper.
Directions:The purpose of this game is to practice using adverbs of frequency. Your teacher will give you some AoF game cards (often, sometimes, never).
- Stand up and find a partner.
- Ask your partner a question. Begin the sentence “How often…”
- The partner answers the question using an AoF.
- If your partner answers your question using the AoF that you have in your hand, give your partner the card.
- If your partner answers using an AoF that you don’t have, then change to another student and try again.
- You can only ask two questions before you need to change partners.
- You can only talk to the same person after you have talked with all your other classmates.
- Talk to as many partners as you can. When you have no more cards, sit down.
The goal of the game is to give away all of your cards.
Student 1: How often do you eat french fries for breakfast?
Student 2: I never eat french fries for breakfast.
(Student 1 gives the card saying “never” to Student 2)
Student 1: How often do you do your homework?
Student 2: I usually do my homework.
(Student 1 doesn’t have a ”usually” card. Student 1 changes partners and tries again.)
Ideas for Questions: How often do you…
wash your hair?
buy a car?
eat at a restaurant?
call your brother?
walk to school?
Pronunciation and Spelling: Adding -s and -es
We add -s and -es for two reasons:
1. The word is a noun, and we are making it plural.
2. The word is a verb, and it agrees with the subject (he, she, or it–3rd person singular)
In English the same letters can have different sounds. For example, the letter “c” can sound like /k/ in cat, but it can also sound like /s/ in ice.
For words that end in -s or -es, there are three different sounds: /s/, /z/, and /ɪz/. We can predict how the -s or -es ending will sound by the last sound of the word before we add the -s or -es ending.
|If the word ends with these sounds:||This is the sound made by adding -s or -es:||Examples|
|/f/ /k/ /p/ /θ/ or /t/||→ /s/||laughs, drinks, sleeps, births, writes, gets|
|/b/ /d/ /g/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ /r/ /v/ /ð/
and all vowel sounds
|→ /z/||grabs, rides, hugs, comes, runs, sings, lives, sees, goes, plays, buys, studies|
|/ʤ/ /z/ /ks/ /s/ /tʃ/ or /ʃ/||→ /ɪz/||changes, quizzes, fixes, kisses, uses, teaches, pushes|
/θ/=th as in bath /ð/=th as in that /ʤ/=j as in judge /tʃ/=ch as in church /ʃ/=sh as in wash
|Target Word||Ending Sound
(Circle your choice)
|11. She works at a hospital.||
|12. He lives with his sister.||
|13. He puts the book on the table.||
|14. She goes to school four nights a week.||
|15. He cooks for her in the evening.||
|16. We need boxes to move house.||
|17. The mom buys groceries after class.||
|18. The mom buys groceries after class.||
|19. I sweep up the leaves on the sidewalk.||
|20. The boys play soccer in the park.||
Directions: Listen to the teacher say a list of words and then sentences. You will hear each word or sentence two times. Decide if the ending sound is /s/, /z/, or /ɪz/ and choose (by circling or otherwise marking) your choice.
1. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
2. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
3. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
4. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
5. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
6. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
7. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
8. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
9. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
10. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
11. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
12. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
13. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
14. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
15. /s/ /z/ /ɪz/
Part 1 Directions: Identify which of the three ending sounds (/s/, /z/, or /ɪz/) is at the end of each of the target words. Write the sound symbol on the line.
/s/ /z/ /ɪz/
1. changes _____
2. crabs _____
3. dishes _____
4. touches _____
5. helps _____
6. books _____
7. pencils _____
8. sleeps _____
9. mixes _____
10. kisses _____
11. The students eat breakfast. _____
12. My sister walks her dog. _____
13. The dogs eat peanut butter. _____
14. The student catches the bus. _____
15. I have three cats. _____
16. Most teachers have pets. _____
17. She writes a book. _____
18. Natasha buys food. _____
19. Yuri wakes up on time. _____
20. She sees her daughter. _____
Part 2 Directions: With a partner, say the word or sentence. Your partner will point to the sound they hear.
If a word ends in /s/, /z/, /ch/, /sh/ or /x/ sound → add -es
Only add -es for the he/she/it form of the verb (third person singular).
watch → watches
wash → washes
kiss → kisses
I pass out papers. → She passes out papers.
I wash the dishes. → He washes the dishes.
Directions: Write the correct form of the verb in parentheses on the lines.
1. (watch) I __________ TV in the morning, but she ________ TV at night.
2. (wash) They ________ dishes together after dinner. He ________ dishes on weekends.
3. (fix) My father and I _________ cars together. My husband ________ the bicycle.
4. (teach) They ________ their daughter Ukrainian. Eva ________ her son Amharic.
5. (brush) I ________ my teeth twice a day. He _______ three times a day.
6. (kiss) She _______ her husband in the morning. I ________ my children before bed.
7. (stretch) I always ________ before exercise. Viktor ________ after exercise.
8. (guess) I never ________ the answer, but Tatiana often ________ the answer.
9. (mix) She ________ Spanish and English. They _______ English and Ukranian.
10. (splash) The kids ______ in the bathtub. My daughter always ________, too.
11. (cash) I ______ my check at the bank. He _________ his check too.
12. (latch) I ________ my screen door. She ________ her screen door.
13. (notice) I always ________ mistakes. She never ________ mistakes when she writes.
14. (touch) He ________ the door. We ________ the window.
15. (brush) They ________ their hair once a day. He _________ his hair three times a day.
16. (pass) She ________ all her classes. They ________ their ESL classes.
17. (ask) I ________ for vegetarian food. Natasha ________ for Ukrainian food.
18. (ask) He ________ a question. We ________ to play a game.
19. (watch) She ________ Jackie Chan movies. They ________ Jet Li movies.
20. (dance) I ______ twice a week. He ________ once a week.
Directions: Read the story. Then listen to your teacher read the story. Listen for the missing words and write them on the line. Remember that the subject and the verb of a sentence have to agree. If they don’t agree, you should listen again. Some verbs end in -s and some verbs end in -es.
Viktor and Tatiana
Viktor and Tatiana (1)_________ married. They (2)_________ English at Clackamas Community College. They (3)_________ from Ukraine. Tatiana sometimes (4)_________ angry with Viktor because he doesn’t help around the house. Tatiana (5)_________ dinner and Viktor (6)_________ TV. Tatiana (7)_________ the house, and Viktor (8)_________ English.
Then Tatiana remembers that Viktor (9)_________ the car while she (10)_________ books. In the grocery store, he always (11)_________ the shopping cart. He (12)_________ for her when she is sick. He also (13)_________ the socks when they (14)_________ movies at home. On school nights, Viktor (15)_________ the dishes after Tatiana cooks. He (16)_________ her every day when they leave the house, and he (17)_________ her every night before they (18)_________ asleep. Then Tatiana isn’t angry anymore.
If a word ends in a consonant plus -y, change -y to i and add -es. If the word ends in a vowel plus -y, just add -s.
Consonant + -y
Change -y to i and add -es
cry → cries
study → studies
Vowel + -y
pay → pays
buy → buys
Directions: Write the correct form of the verb on the line in the sentences below.
1. (study) I ___________ in the morning, but he ___________ at night.
2. (worry) He ___________ about money. I ___________ about him.
3. (cry) The cat ___________ when I leave. The babies ___________ all the time.
4. (play) She ___________ piano. We ___________ violin.
5. (pay) I ___________ for groceries with a credit card. Tatiana ___________ with cash.
6. (stay) He ___________ after class for help. They ___________ after class to talk.
7. (stay) She ___________ at a hotel. I ___________with my mom.
8. (worry) My husband ___________ about school. I ___________ about our health.
9. (enjoy) We ___________ playing board games. He ___________ online games.
10. (say) They ___________ they are busy Friday, but she ___________ Friday is ok.
11. (fly) A bird ___________ south in winter. Birds ___________ north for the summer.
12. (buy) They ___________ paper online. She ___________ supplies at the store..
13. (fly) He ___________ to Paris today. I ___________ to Denver tomorrow.
14. (study) We ___________ before vocabulary tests. She ___________ for grammar.
15. (pay) He ___________ for 2 classes. I ___________ for 3 classes.
16. (try) I ___________ to study 3 times a week. She ___________ to study every day.
Using Infinitives with Like, Want, & Need
Some verbs can be combined with an infinitive (to + verb) to express a different meaning or opinion about the activity.
|like + to ski (Infinitive)||
This shows an activity that is pleasurable or fun.
Example: I like to ski.
|want + to go (Infinitive)||This shows an activity that I have a desire to do.
Example: I want to go to a movie.
|need + to finish (Infinitive)||This shows an activity that I have to do.
Example: I need to finish my homework.
Part 1 Directions: Complete the sentences by writing like, want, or need on the line.
1. I ___________ to pay my rent.
2. She ___________ to study for the test.
3. They ___________ to buy a diamond necklace.
4. You ___________ to have an expensive new car.
5. I ___________ to read a book before bed to help me sleep.
6. You ___________ to do your homework.
7. We ___________ to eat dessert first.
8. I ___________ to sleep until 10:00 am, but I __________ to get up because work starts at 7:00 am.
Negatives with the BE Verb
Directions: Make these sentences negative by adding not after the verb.
1. She is a hairdresser.
2. He is busy today.
3. They are from Colombia.
4. He is a contractor.
5. It is sunny.
6. They are students.
7. He is a teacher.
8. The dog is in the garden.
Negatives with All Other Verbs
Using Auxiliary Verbs
There are three auxiliary verbs in English: BE, DO, and HAVE. We will learn about BE and DO in this class. We will learn about using HAVE as an auxiliary in the next level. You have already seen the first of our three auxiliary verbs, BE, in Chapter 2. We combine the BE verb with the -ing form of the verb to create the present progressive (an action happening now).
When we make negative sentences with other verbs, we use the auxiliary verb, DO. It has two forms: do and does. The negative not comes after do or does and is followed by the base form of the main verb.
The base form is the infinitive without the to. Instead of “to sing” (infinitive), the base form is sing. Do not add -s to the base verb. Let’s look at an example sentence.
subj do/does neg. base verb rest of sentence
He does not sing in the shower.
- He is the subject
- Does is the auxiliary verb. Do/Does agrees with the subject (3rd person singular: add -es).
- Sing is the main verb in the base form. Do not add -s to the main verb.
subject + auxiliary DO + not + base form + rest of sentence
|Subject||Auxiliary DO||Negative||Base Form of Main Verb||Rest of Sentence|
|do||not||drink||coffee after 5:00 pm.|
To make negative contractions, we contract the auxiliary verb and the negative.
|Subject||Auxiliary DO + not|
|do not = don’t|
|does not = doesn’t|
Directions: Choose the correct form, and then write the contraction on the line. Remember that the auxiliary DO (do/does) has to agree with the subject.
1. The teacher do not / does not eat meat. ___________________
2. I am a homemaker. I do not / does not work outside my home. ___________________
3. She is a driver. She do not / does not work in an office. ___________________
4. He is a vegetarian. He do not / does not eat meat. ___________________
5. They do not / does not drink coffee in the evening. ___________________
6. Palani do not / does not like to wake up early. ___________________
7. Yuri do not / does not want to come to school late. ___________________
8. Yuri do not / does not press snooze on his alarm clock. ___________________
9. They do not / does not have the same habits. ___________________
10. It do not / does not look like a good book. ___________________
11. The students do not / does not do their homework. ___________________
12. He do not / does not get good grades on tests. ___________________
Directions: Write the correct form of do or does on the line.
1. (do/sing) She ___________ not ___________ in public.
2. (do/write) They ___________ not ___________ on the wall.
3. (do/drive) He ___________ not ___________ for a job.
4. (do/ask) You ___________ not ___________ for a diamond ring.
5. (do/play) We ___________ not ___________ guitar.
6. (do/like) The dog ___________ not ___________ my cat.
7. (do/type) She ___________ not ___________ fast.
8. (do/read) He ___________ not ___________ online.
Directions: Make these sentences negative. Use full forms for numbers 1-5 and contractions for numbers 6-10.
1. I go to work at 3:00 pm.
2. She wants to eat Chinese food.
3. They have two children.
4. He has a dog and two cats.
5. You need to stand in line.
6. She finishes her homework.
7. I eat breakfast.
8. You drink coffee.
9. He drinks diet soda.
10. My car has red seats.
Part 1 Directions: Use the sentences below to interview your partner. Take notes on your own lined paper.
Student A: Tell me a food you don’t like.
Student B: I don’t like eggs.
2. Tell me a movie you don’t like.
3. Tell me a place you don’t like.
4. Tell me a sport you don’t like.
5. Tell me a color you don’t like.
6. Tell me a singer or band you don’t like.
7. Tell me a type of music you don’t like.
8. Tell me a book you don’t like.
Part 2 Directions: Now, write 5 sentences about your partner. Use your notes to help you. Write your partner’s answers in FULL sentences.
Yes/No questions mean that the answer to the question is either yes or no. These questions don’t use wh- question words. Remember, when we use an auxiliary verb, the main verb is in the base form. The auxiliary verb goes before the subject and the main verb goes after the subject.
auxiliary DO + subject + base verb + rest of sentence
|Auxiliary DO||Subject||Base Form of Main Verb||Rest of Sentence|
Short answers are quick answers to yes/no questions. Remember that if the question uses the BE verb, use the BE verb in your answer. If the auxiliary DO is used in the question, then use DO in the answer.
Do you have cats? Yes, I do.
Are you a teacher? Yes, I am.
Do you drink coffee in the morning? Yes, I do.
Does he drink coffee in the morning? No, he doesn’t.
Directions: Complete the questions with the missing auxiliary verb and subject.
A: Does she wake up early?
B: No, she doesn’t.
1. A:___________________ do her homework every day?
B: Yes, she does.
2. A:___________________ wash the dishes after dinner?
B: Yes, he does.
3. A:___________________ eat dinner together?
B: Yes, they do.
4. A:___________________ work late every day?
B: No, she doesn’t.
5. A:___________________ drive to school?
B: Yes, he does.
6. A:___________________ study vocabulary?
B: Yes, I do.
7. A:___________________ eat lunch at home?
B: No, we don’t.
8. A:___________________ ask questions?
B: Yes, she does.
9. A:___________________ practice English at the grocery store?
B: Yes, I do.
10. A:___________________ do laundry on Saturdays?
B: Yes, he does.
Information Questions in the Simple Present
We have seen several lists of wh-question words in previous chapters. Here is a bigger list. You can practice making questions with the new words and review the ones you have seen in Chapters 1 and 2.
|Wh- Question Word||Asks about...||Example Question|
|Who||a person||Who is your teacher?|
|What||information||What is your name?|
|Where||location||Where are you from?|
*(specific and general)
|When is your birthday?
What time is your class?
|Why||a reason||Why are you late?|
|How do you get home?|
|How many||a number||How many children
do you have?
|How often||frequency||How often do you drink coffee?|
|How much||an amount or money||How much is our textbook?|
|What kind||one from a group||What kind of fruit
do you like?
*What time asks about specific time. When asks about general time.
What time does class start? Class starts at 9:00 am.
When is your birthday? My birthday is in August.
We form information questions (sometimes called wh- questions) the same as yes/no questions. Add the question word (who, what, where, when, what time, etcetera) to the beginning of the question.
wh- + auxiliary DO + subject + main verb
|Wh- Question Word||
Directions: Choose the correct question word.
1. Who/What is your teacher? My teacher is Susan.
2. Where/What is your address? My address is 19 Molalla Ave, Oregon City.
3. Where/When do you wake up? I wake up at 7:30 am.
4. Why/Who do you have an umbrella? Because it’s raining.
5. How/Where do you take ESL? I take ESL classes at CCC.
6. When/What do you work? I work at 5:00 pm.
7. Why/How do you get to school? I take the bus.
8. What/How do you cook hotdogs? I boil them, but some people grill them.
9. How much/How often milk do you want? I want 1 cup.
10. How many/Why cookies do you want? I want 2 dozen.
Directions: Fill in the blank with the correct question word.
1. A:___________ do you go to work?
B: I go to work at 5:00 am.
2. A:___________ is he wearing a sweater?
B: He’s cold.
3. A:___________ do you study vocabulary?
B: I use vocabulary cards.
4. A:___________ are they from?
B: They’re from Italy.
5. A:___________ are you doing?
B: I’m doing my homework.
6. A:___________ often do you sleep in?
B: I sleep in on Saturdays.
7. A:___________ time does class start?
B: Class starts at 6:00 pm.
8. A:___________ do you study?
B: I study at the library.
9. A:___________ is your favorite actor?
B: My favorite actor is Brad Pitt.
10. A:___________ many classes do you take?
B: I take three classes each term.
Directions: Your instructor will give you a worksheet that you can use to interview a classmate.
- Match the wh-question word with the question. You can only use a word one time.
- When you finish matching you will have 10 questions and 10 answers. Choose 5 questions to ask your classmate.
- Write the answers to the 5 questions below.
Directions: There are 10 mistakes in the paragraph below. Find the mistakes with the simple present, adverbs of frequency, negative sentences, or -s / -es endings and correct them.
My name is Jacques. I lives next to Yuri and Palani. I am a student at CCC also. I arrive always early to class. My brother drive me to school. I do not drives. I eat lunch with my friends. We eat often at Ana and Pedro’s house. I doesn’t cook. After class, always I study in the library. I finishes my homework in the afternoon. I study with my friend. My friend Palani finish his homework at night. I live with my family. My mother cook dinner for the family. She wash the dishes after dinner. I dry them.
Directions: Rewrite these sentences to include the adverb of frequency (AoF) in parentheses.
1. (usually) We eat dinner outside in summer.
2. (always) I wear slippers in the house.
3. (never) My family wakes up early.
4. (sometimes) My friends and I watch movies on Fridays.
5. (rarely) We eat uncooked food.
6. (often) They are late to class.
7. (never) I finish my homework on the computer.
8. (seldom) She takes her dog to the dog park.
9. (usually) You are on time.
10. (rarely) She eats fast food.
11. (never) It snows in August.
12. (always) It rains in October.
13. (often) We have homework.
14. (never) They forget books at home.
Directions: Write the question on the line below. Use the answer for extra information. Some questions are wh-questions, and some are yes/no questions.
1. A: ______________________________________________________________
B: I wake up at 8:00 am.
2. A: ______________________________________________________________
B: Yes, I do (I have a dog.)
B: My birthday is in August.
4. A: ______________________________________________________________
B: No, I don’t. (I don’t do my homework in the morning.)
5. A: ______________________________________________________________
B: I take a shower in the morning.
6. A: ______________________________________________________________
B: I arrive early for class.
7. A: ______________________________________________________________
B: He drives to school.
8. A: ______________________________________________________________
B: He washes the dishes every day.
9. A: ______________________________________________________________
B: Yes, I do. (I exercise 3 times a week.)
10. A: ______________________________________________________________
B: I eat fast food once a month.
Directions: Write a paragraph comparing your daily schedule with a partner’s daily schedule. Use the simple present tense, adverbs of frequency, and time expressions.
- Write 6 questions to ask your partner. Use 6 different wh-question words. There is a place to write each question in the chart that follows.
- Answer the 6 questions for yourself.
- Choose a partner, ask your questions, and then write down your partner’s answers.
|Question||My Answer||Partner’s Answer|
- Use your own 8.5″ x 11″ lined paper. Do not use other paper sizes, please.
- Heading: Put your full name, the due date, and Ch. 3 Writing Assignment at the top of your paper. Your instructor will tell you where the heading goes (left or right side).
- Indent the first sentence, skip lines (double space), and leave a 1-inch margin on the sides and bottom.
Writing and Grammar:
- First sentence: begin writing by using this topic sentence: [Partner’s name] and I are classmates, but we are very different.
- In your sentences, write your answer and your partner’s answer.
- Use 3 adverbs of frequency.
- Write 2 negative sentences.
- Use full forms; do not use contractions.
- Use capital letters and punctuation correctly.
- Use the rubric below to check your work.
My partner and I are classmates, but we are very different. I get up very early at 5:00am. My partner doesn’t get up early. She often gets up at 9:00am. I usually drink coffee in the morning, but my partner doesn’t like coffee. She likes tea instead. I have two children, so I am busy with them. My partner is married, but she doesn’t have any children. I leave for school at 8:30am. My partners never goes straight to school. She goes to her parents house first. She always helps them because they are very old. My parents are still young at age 50 and 55.
|Heading: Full Name, Due Date, Ch. 3 Writing Assignment||1 point|
|Format: Indent, double space, margins||1 point|
|Your paragraph has at least 10 sentences||1 point|
|Every sentence has a subject and verb, & they agree||1 point|
|There are 3 adverbs of frequency||3 points|
|There are 2 negative sentences||4 points|
|Correct use of spelling||1 point|
|Correct use of capital letters||1 point|
|Correct end punctuation||1 point|
These were our goals at the beginning of Chapter 3:
At the end of this chapter you will be able to:
- Add -s for the third person singular verb
- Write yes/no questions and short answers
- Write information questions using wh- question words
- Add -s , -es, and -ies to verbs and nouns
Recognize and use
- the simple present in the affirmative and negative
- adverbs of frequency
Directions: Choose yes if you think you achieved the goals or no in the table below if you think you did not achieve the goals. Then, write an example of the goal in the last column.
|I can…||I achieved this goal:||My example:|
|add -s for 3rd person singular||yes
|write an affirmative sentence
in the simple present
|write a negative sentence in the simple present||yes
|write yes/no questions using the simple present||yes
|answer yes/no questions using short answers||yes
|make information questions using wh- question words||yes
|use AoF with the simple present||