5.5 Counter Balance Valves

NOTE: first 13 entries are REVIEW of pressure control valve family

 

List the 5 main types of pressure control valves. Draw their associated schematic symbols.

 

Identify the 5 main characteristics used to classify pressure control valves.

 

Describe the purpose of a pilot line. Describe the schematic symbol.

 

Identify pressure control valves that make use of internal pilot lines on their primary, or input, port.

 

Identify pressure control valves that make use of internal pilot lines on their secondary, or output, port.

 

Identify pressure control valves that make use of external pilot lines.

 

Identify pressure control valves that have a NC deactivated state.

 

Identify pressure control valves that have a NO deactivated state.

 

Identify pressure control valves that have a check valve bypass. Identify why a check valve bypass is necessary.

 

Identify pressure control valves that do not have a check valve bypass. Identify why a check valve bypass is not necessary.

 

Identify pressure control valves that have an internal drain. Identify why an external drain is not necessary.

 

Identify pressure control valves that have an external drain. Identify why an external drain is necessary. Describe the schematic symbol for an external drain.

 

Identify customary locations for the 5 main pressure control valves.

 

Describe a counterbalance valve using the 5 main characteristics used to classify pressure control valves.

 

Describe the basic operation of a counterbalance valve.

 

Compare the operation of these two hydraulic circuits when the laterally manipulated load is fully supported by some outside force.

circuit-19

 

Compare the operation of these two hydraulic circuits when the vertically manipulated load is influenced by some outside force like gravity.

circuit-20

 

Compare and contrast these circuits making use of counterbalance valves and meter out flow control circuits.

circuit-21 circuit-22

 

Describe the operation of this circuit making use of an internally piloted counterbalance valve. Comment on the maximum downwards force exerted by this system.

circuit-23

 

Describe the operation of this circuit making use of an externally piloted counterbalance valve used to lower a heaving mold, forming piece or platen. Comment on the behavior of this system during lowering and the maximum downwards force it is capable of generating.

circuit-24

 

Describe the operation of this circuit making use of an internally and externally piloted counterbalance valve used to lower a heaving mold, forming piece or platen. Comment on the behavior of this system during lowering and the maximum downwards force it is capable of generating.

circuit-25

 

Comment on observed behavior of hydraulic systems for different counterbalance valve set values and loads.

 

Compare and contrast the general behavior of internal, external, and internal and externally piloted counterbalance valves.

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5.5 Counter Balance Valves by James Pytel is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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