25 Paragraph Practice: What Is the Cause? What Is the Effect?

hand writing on paper

Choose a new topic from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Think about its causes or effects.

1. Write a short, clear cause-and-effect paragraph that simply identifies the topic or situation and lists its causes or effects (not both). Here is an example:

People often move to another country to find a better life. For them, it is a choice and an opportunity. For others, however, the move is a necessity. They need protection, so they seek asylum, which is one of the basic guarantees included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. According to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, the primary reasons that people request asylum in the United States are fear of persecution due to race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, and political opinion. Understanding the reasons for asylum can help others to create a safer space that respects the rights of all people.

2. Exchange your work with another student. Read what they wrote. Reply to them in another paragraph. Don’t say only things like “I agree” or “You’re right.” Try to add something meaningful to the discussion. Then return this to your partner.

3. Finally, read what your classmate wrote in reply to your paragraph. Then write a few sentences to share your reaction. Give this to your teacher; they will offer feedback on your writing.


Here are some sentences with common errors. Follow the instructions to practice editing.


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