3.5 WRITE: Instructions for Essay 01


Imagine that you are writing for a website that publishes reports about new technologies in your career. Write a report for your colleagues that describes the technology you mentioned in your original topic proposal. First, give background information about the field you work in (or your hobby) and why this technology is useful or important. Then focus on describing the technology itself: What is it? What does it look like? What is it made of? Who uses it? When do they use it? Where is it used? What is its function or purpose? How does it work?


  • Write 2 to 3 pages double-spaced. The exact number of pages, paragraphs, or words is not important. The important thing is that your ideas are clear, complete, and compelling.
  • Give your essay a title. Capitalize the first letter of each major word (do not capitalize conjunctions, prepositions, or articles unless they are the first word of the title). Use the CENTER button on the Google Docs or Word toolbar to center the title automatically and accurately.
  • Use as many body paragraphs as necessary. Each body paragraph needs a clear topic sentence and supporting ideas. Use a variety of sentence types. Use your computer’s TAB key to indent the first line of each paragraph.
  • Include an introduction with a thesis statement that contains a clear topic and claim followed by a preview of the main points.
  • Support your ideas with specific details, descriptions, examples, and information from at least one outside source. We will learn formal citations for the second essay. Until then, use a simple attribution such as this: According to Title of Work by Author Name (YEAR), [paraphrase] or “quoted material.”


According to Excellent English by Timothy Krause (2019), the evidence is clear. “Students who can write well will receive higher pay,” says Krause.

  • The conclusion should restate the thesis (topic + claim) in light of the information you provided in the body.
  • For academic writing, use a formal tone. Write in third person, not first or second person (don’t use I, we, or you).
  • Use academic vocabulary. Use transition signals (first, next, also, however, etc.) to guide the reader.
  • Remember to edit, proofread, and revise carefully, paying close attention to grammar and mechanics. Review the grading rubrics below and double check your essay for comma splices, subject-verb agreement, word forms, punctuation and spelling.
  • Do your own work; do not plagiarize.


All out-of-class writing assignments must be typed. Use a regular font (not too big or little or crazy — for example: Times Roman 12). Assignments must be double-spaced (skip a line). Use approximately one-inch margins on all sides. Include your name and date in the upper left-hand corner. Put the page number in the upper right-hand corner with your last name like this: Krause 1 [but you should use your own last name].


Each draft is worth 10 points, however each draft is graded differently. The grading rubric for the first draft awards more points for content and organization, while the grading rubric for the second draft awards more points for grammar and mechanics.

  • Grading Rubric for Draft Essay – See Appendix B
  • Grading Rubric for Revised Essay – See Appendix C


Look in Appendix B for an example of a finished essay.



  1. What is the purpose of this essay?
  2. Who is your primary audience for this essay?
  3. What type of essay will this be? What will you say or show?
  4. What voice or point of view should you use in this essay?
  5. What evidence should you use to support your ideas?
  6. How long should this essay be?
  7. When is the draft version of this essay due?
  8. How will you submit the first draft of your essay?
  9. When is the revised version of this essay due?
  10. How will you submit the revised version of your essay?



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